could be more meritocratic than theyre generally given credit for; and, second, the vital transformation described by my father, whereby the meritocratic elite is becoming a hereditary elite, could already be under way. He concludes: Highly disproportionate numbers of exceptionally able children in the next generation will come from parents in the upper-middle class, and more specifically from parents who are already part of the broad elite. 11 In his book A Question of Intelligence (1992 the journalist Daniel Seligman claims the correlation between income and IQ in America.5. The upshot is that they join forces with a dissident element in the ruling class and revolt, overthrowing the meritocratic elite in a bloody coup. 12 For a discussion quoting poems in essays mla of the controversy generated by The Bell Curve, see Christopher. A workable solution to the problem they identify, and one my father believed would bring about the end of meritocracy, could soon be at hand. On the contrary, it may eventually lead to them drying. 28 It would be inexpensive, too, so wouldnt involve a massive hike in taxation. Im thinking in particular of the work being done by Stephen Hsu, Vice-President for Research and Professor of Theoretical Physics at Michigan State University. According to Herrnstein and Murray: Even as recently as midcentury, America was still a society in which most bright people were scattered throughout the wide range of jobs. 6, its worth pausing here to note that Rawls accepts that not all men are born equal, genetically speaking.
The Fall of the Meritocracy.
The left loathes the concept of IQ - especially the claim that it helps to determine socio-economic status, rather than vice versa- because of a near-religious attachment to the idea that man is a piece of clay that can be moulded into any shape.
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M/articles/SB That is how Stephen Jay Goulds interpreted The Bell Curve in his New Yorker review: It rehashes the tenets of social Darwinism as it was originally constituted. Up until the 1950s, the impact of assortative mating on the stratification of society was kept in check by the limited opportunities for highly intelligent men and women to meet each other. Progressive eugenics But that isnt the solution I want to explore here. Having said that, I recognise that a lack of social mobility poses a threat to the sustainability of liberal democracies and, in common with many others, believe the solution lies in improving our education systems. But the main objection to eugenics, at least in the form it usually takes, is that it involves discriminating against disadvantaged groups, whether minorities or people with disabilities.
Herrnstein and Charles Murray arguepretty convincinglythat the correlation between intelligence and socio-economic status has become stronger in America since the 1950s as access to higher education has become more competitive and the economy has become more knowledge-based, particularly at each end of the IQ distribution. In Britain and America there is a continuing debate about whether the rate of inter-generational social mobility has remained stagnant or declined in the past fifty years, but few think it has increased. The answer is: not when you factor in the heritability of the traits that are linked with socio-economic status. This is why so many on the Left feel a moral obligation to rubbish the work of hereditarians like Hans Eysenck, Arthur Jensen, Peter Saunders, Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray. 16 Why should this be happening, given that IQ, like many other heritable characteristics such as height, regresses to the mean? Then you can test multiple embryos and analyze which ones going to be the smartest.