ordered, just, and free society, in which some evils, maladjustments, and suffering continue to lurk. Thus conservative views and parties have existed under monarchical, aristocratic, despotic, and democratic regimes, and in a considerable range of economic systems. Philosophical statesmen as varied in opinion and faction as Guizot, Bonald, Maistre, Chateaubriand, and Tocqueville all were influenced by Burke's writings. Livre numérique (ePub découvrez toutes les liseuses numériques, découvrir). The conservatives of Peru, for instance, differ much from those of Australia, say; they may share a preference for the established order of society, these conservatives of the Spanish and the English heritages; yet the institutions and customs which these conservative factions respectively wish. "Conservatism to put the matter another way, amounts to the consensus of the leading conservative thinkers and actors over the past two centuries. "Is it not adherence to the old and tried, against the new and untried?" By that test, the candidate told his audience, Abraham Lincoln was a conservative. A state of mind, a type of character, a way of looking at the civil social order. (Continues.) Excerpted from The Essential Russell Kirk by George.
The essential russell kirk selected essays
The following first principles are best discerned in the public health graduate school essay theoretical and practical politics of British and American conservatives. For the preservation of a healthy diversity in any civilization, there must survive orders and classes, differences in material condition, and many sorts of inequality. But as this collection demonstrates, Kirk was perhaps at his best as an essayist. As a term of politics, the word "conservative" arose in France during and just after the Napoleonic era. Conservatism, he asserts, is not an ideology with pretensions to universality and infallibility. Any public measure ought to be judged by its probable long-run consequences, not merely by temporary advantage or popularity. Liberals and radicals, the conservative holds, are imprudent: for they dash at their objectives without giving much heed to the risk of new abuses worse than the evils they hope to sweep away. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Perhaps another way of pinpointing Kirk's conservatism is to see it as a conservatism of reflection, one that is essentially meditative in nature and aspiration, and also one that transforms into a discipline of mind and thought in the contemplation of religious, ethical, and moral. Kirk sets down general principles that reinforce the "canons of conservative thought" found. For our present purpose, however, we may set down below several general principles upon which most eminent conservatives in some degree may be said to have agreed implicitly.
In defining and evaluating the intellectual history of English and American conservatism during the past two hundred years, Kirk discloses a scholarly grasp and critical understanding that he communicates with vigor and insight. In writing about conservatism its canons, principles, assumptions Kirk readily admits to incremental differences and changes reflecting the emphases occurring over time. For that matter, conservative impulses and interests have existed ever since a civil social order came into being.