instruments, his power and his knowing, from the sun, moon and stars. For he is the rich man in whom the people are rich, and he is the poor man in whom the people are poor; and how to give all access to the master-pieces of art and nature, is the problem of civilization. The merchant has but one rule, absorb and invest; he is to be capitalist; the scraps and filings must be gathered back into the crucible; the gas and smoke must be burned, and earnings must not go to increase expense, but to capital again. In a free and just commonwealth, property rushes from the idle and imbecile to the industrious, brave and persevering. Never fear; it is all settled how it shall be, long beforehand, in the custom of the country, whether to sand or whether to clay it, when to plough, and how to dress, whether to grass or to corn; and you cannot help or hinder. It knit the family bond closer, yet, thanks to generous friends and kindred, and to Madam Emersons good management and exertions, faithfully helped by all her sons, the poverty was neither sordid nor extreme, and the boys were well educated, each, in turn, helping the. You think farm buildings and broad acres a solid property; but its value is flowing like water. Ages derive a culture from the wealth of Roman Csars, Leo Tenths, magnificent Kings of France, Grand Dukes of Tuscany, Dukes of Devonshire, Townleys, Vernons and Peels, in England; or whatever great proprietors. Let him delegate to others the costly courtesies and decorations of social life.
6 Each of these idealists, working after his thought, would make it tyrannical, if he could. 1 Every man is a consumer, and ought to be a producer. He arrives at the seashore and a sumptuous ship has floored and carpeted for him the stormy Atlantic, and made it a luxurious hotel, amid the horrors of tempests. "The Making of an American Prophet: Emerson, His Audiences, and the Rise of the Culture Industry in Nineteenth-Century America." Lawrence Buell,. And if you should take out of the powerful class engaged in trade a hundred good men and put in a hundred bad, or, what is just the same thing, introduce a demoralizing institution, would not the dollar, which is not much stupider than. 7 The rich man, says Saadi, is everywhere expected and at home. Thereby, the wealthy individual is characterized as a culturally productive and well-educated member of society To be rich is to have a ticket of admission to the master-works and chief men of each race." 86 whilst the wealth of a society as a whole can. The equilibrium is preserved by these counteractions, as one tree keeps down another in the forest, that it may not absorb all the sap in the ground. 10 15 If properties of this kind were owned by states, towns and lyceums, they would draw the bonds of neighborhood closer.
There is no country in which so absolute a homage is paid to wealth. In America th ere is a touch of shame when a man exhibits the evidences of large property. A few days ago I got a brand new copy of Emerson s The Conduct of Life.