Paul Draper argues that all else held equal, "naturalism is much more probable than theism and therefore "theism is very probably false moreover, naturalism is simpler and smaller in scope than theism, and. And precisely this turns out to be the reason that Hicks God put real freedom into the world it is for Gods own sake, not ours. . American Philosophical Quarterly 16(4 335-41. After demonstrating that, prior to such testing, naturalism is more probable than theism in virtue of its smaller scope and greater simplicity, Draper goes on to argue that naturalism has far greater "predictive power" than theism, concluding that this provides strong grounds for rejecting theism. But this raises the distinction between faith and foolish credulity. .
Why Doesn't God Intervene to Prevent Evil? For this to explain E, the theist may need to argue that: (a) God could not have developed those virtues in us any other way equally valuable but less harmful (e.g. E, ranging from that it deductively proves that God does not exist to that it provides no evidence at all against Gods existence. As Drange points out, his argument by itself, disregarding the support for its premises, is a deductive or logical argument from evil.
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Why, then, does evil exist? Kant : 4:429; Trakakis 2008). Hick's Theodicy, david Ray Griffin. Hicks theodicy absolutely requires belief in us progressive era essays a life after bodily death. . In the first rebuttals, each debater criticizes the arguments offered by the other in the opening statements. Furthermore, if Hick h olds that part of the creation is unfree, then he must defend Gods decision to cause every instance of natural evil. . The Evidential Problem of Evil. Finally, the soul-making theodicy (SMT) contends that God allows some evil because it builds positive character in the victims or in others which outweighs the negative value of the evil itself (e.g., John Hick). Any power actualized by other actualities is due entirely to the voluntary decision by God to grant them power; hence any limitation on Gods power is a self- limitation (which could be revoked at any time). . Most think that if even one of these instances is gratuitous pointless, that isthen God would not exist (Howard-Snyder and Howard-Snyder 1999).